TREATMENT

DISEASES

ψωριαση

Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease with a variety of symptoms.

The most common symptoms of psoriasis are rough red plaques with a well-defined contour. These round or oval psoriasis plaques are covered by a thick white skin called a scaly. Both the size and the number of lesions vary. This extremely common skin disease can occur at any age. Psoriasis usually occurs on areas of the skin that are subject to friction, such as the knees, elbows, abdomen and lower back. It can also occur on the scalp, hands and feet, nails and mucous membranes.

We do not yet know the exact causes of psoriasis. However, we know that psoriasis can occur in people with a genetic predisposition to the disease when specific factors such as:

  • anxiety
  • overwork
  • psychological shock
  • clothes rubbed on the skin
  • specific drugs
  • some infection (nasopharyngitis, pharyngitis…)

In essence, psoriasis is caused by chronic inflammation of the skin, which, confirmed by the presence of T-cells, accelerates the process of cell renewal and the production of keratinocytes, ie epidermal cells. Instead of the usual 28-day renewal process, keratinocytes need only 3-4 days to pass from the basal layer to the keratin layer of the skin.
The cells remain on the surface of the skin and begin to accumulate. This causes red scaly plaques or otherwise psoriasis. Although these psoriasis plaques may be sometimes indistinguishable, others are very prominent and therefore a disadvantage for people with psoriasis.

Psoriasis can be treated in the following ways:

With ointments, creams and various lotions that dermatologists recommend to stop inflammation. They also remove excess flakes and smooth the rough skin. Moisturizing creams are effective in relieving itching.

With phototherapy suggested and using UVA, UVB or laser rays to slow down the production of skin cells.

With pills used in very serious forms of psoriasis.

Finally, healing baths are also used to treat skin psoriasis. Thermal water has healing and anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce the number and size of lesions.

One of the most common reasons for visiting a dermatologist during puberty is acne.

Acne  usually occurs in early adolescence and affects up to 80% of all individuals. Mild normal acne that affects many adolescents lasts 4-5 years but there are more persistent cases where acne can last for 12 and sometimes more years.

Acne occurs in parts of the body where the sebaceous glands have greater activity such as the face, chest, back and shoulders. The underlying etiology of acne is unknown. But they have been guilty of:

  • Heredity
  • The seborrhea
  • Androgens
  • The disorder of keratinization in the follicle
  • Climate
  • The nutrition
  • Certain medicines and chemicals

Today we believe that acne is the result of the interaction of 4 main factors in genetically engineered individuals. So we have:

  • Overexpression of sebum (seborrhea, sebaceous glands overwork)
  • Occlusion of the hair follicle (the sebaceous glands are under the influence of androgens which are produced in the testes in men and in women in small amounts in the ovaries and adrenals)
  • Colonization by microbial agents (P. acnes propionate bacterium)
  • Inflammation

Acne rash is polymorphic. It consists, depending on the type and severity of the disease, of:

  • Fagesores (small white and black spots known to all)
  • Sprouts (small red painful pimples)
  • Pustules (small pimples with pus)
  • Nodules and cysts (painfully larger pimples with pus and redness)
  • Scars (acne lesions after removal can leave scars that are sometimes atrophic and sometimes hypertrophic such as keloids)

The severity of acne varies from person to person and there are recessions and exacerbations. Due to the chronic course of the disease, the full cooperation of the patient is needed, who must understand the necessity of continuous treatment. One of the main things to get used to is cleaning the affected area twice a day with soap and water.

There are many treatments for acne depending on the type and severity of the disease. So we can grant:

  • Topical preparations (topical antibiotics, retinoic acid, benzene peroxide, azelaic acid etc.)
  • Systemic treatment (oral antibiotics, isotretinoin, hormones)
  • Peelings and Laser

Good cleaning, proper treatment, proper nutrition, hands away from pimples and you will have acne free face.

Melanoma

Spili (known to all of us as “moles”) are skin manifestations consisting of many concentrated melanocytes. Melanocytes are specialized skin cells that produce melanin, the pigment that causes the color of the skin. Some sleeps are flat, others protrude, and their color varies. They are usually darker in color than the rest of the skin.

There are spores that appear at birth (relative spores), with others gradually developing up to around 40 years of age. They can appear anywhere on the body. The number of spiles each of us has is mainly related to hereditary factors (genes) as well as to the cumulative exposure to sunlight, especially during childhood and adolescence.

There are several morphological types of cats. Some of them (dysplastic / atypical) are more likely to develop melanoma. They are usually larger in size with asymmetry or variety.

Suspicious moles for the development of malignancy (melanoma) are considered to be those with changes in shape, color, size, bleeding, itching or other symptoms, as well as those that have appeared after the age of 40.

Every person who has pimples needs a complete Dermatological examination and assessment of the risk of developing malignancy. This is done by a trained dermatologist with the help of special equipment (dermatoscope). In case of doubt, we proceed to surgical removal of the lesion and histological examination (biopsy), which will provide the final answers.

ΜΥΡΜΗΓΚΙΑ

ANTS

Ants is a knob on the skin that looks like colorless moles. Ant is caused in the upper layers of the skin by a virus belonging to the Human Papillomavirus family. The ant virus is transmitted by contact and affects only humans without being transmitted to animals. The ant is transmitted by direct skin contact or by touching wet surfaces, such as pool floors and changing rooms, which have been contaminated by people who already have ants. Children and adolescents are more likely to be infected as they have not yet developed antibodies to the virus and are more likely to come into contact with people who have warts.

Often, they develop below the most stressed areas, such as the heels or the nozzle. If you look more closely, you will notice small black spots on the ant. This is not, as many believe, the roots of the ant. Black spots are caused by bleeding due to the pressure exerted on the ant when standing or walking. They are highly contagious and should prevent their spread, you should treat them immediately and avoid direct skin contact with other skin. Often, the ant reappears and this is when the correct precautions are not taken.

In cryosurgery, or cooling ants, liquid nitrogen is applied at -196 degrees C. A misconception that many believe is that the ant freezes or “burns” immediately. This is not true, as cooling causes the skin to slowly crumble, resulting in a blister around the ant. The dead tissue falls off in about a week.

δερματολογος ουλες

Scar Care

Scars, regardless of etiology, are a very common cosmetic problem. In the case of rickets, there are also functional problems with movement limitations. After surgery, we may have large unsightly scars where there are visible marks from the stitches used to create a “zip” or “rail” image. In these cases, the scar is removed by the plastic surgeon with local anesthesia in the specialist area for these operations. It takes a while and the patient has an invisible line in place of the scarring.

Another aesthetic problem for scars is staying red for a long time. Normally the scar is red for a while and then goes through the curing stage where it turns white, making it difficult to distinguish from the rest of the skin. Sometimes the red color persists for more than 6 or even 12 months.

Hypertrophic Scars – Keloid: It is a pathological response of the organism to trauma that results in scarring that protrudes from the skin (hypertrophic) or that reach beyond the boundaries of the wound extending outward and strongly. excitation (keloid). They are characterized by collagen overproduction, they occur in some individuals with higher frequency (black skin color, genetic predisposition) and in some areas of the body more than others (sternum, umbilical cord, etc.).
Small ones can only be treated with special lasers or larger ones can be removed in a special way to reduce their size and then apply lasers.

Radical scarring: Much more special is the case of rickets. The most common cause is fire burs. In addition to bad appearance , this kind of scars often prevent the free movement of joints causing functional and motor problems. Their response depends on the size and location of the problem. It may be performed under local anesthesia with a plastic “z” or may require surgery under general anesthesia in more severe cases.

Burns: Burns do not always produce rickety scars, but they do have the specificity of occupying large surfaces that are now significantly different in appearance from normal skin. Tackling these incidents again depends on the size and location of the problem.

δερματολογος ρυτιδες

Wrinckle Treatment

A wrinkle is a breakdown of collagen and elastin fibers in depth. It is caused by the constant mobility of the skin so it is observed in areas of movement such as around the mouth, corners of the eyes and forehead. These are the highlights that inevitably move when we speak, express joy, regret, denial, etc.

The skin cells first need oxygen to feed and produce new collagen and elastin. Oxygen is transported to our body by inhalation and circulates through the bloodstream to all body tissues as well as to epidermal tissue. At the point where the skin cracks from our grimaces, the blood flow stops abruptly, so the cells there are not oxygenated, causing collagen and elastin to weaken and the grid at these points to break.

About warts

Warts are small papillary lesions in the genital area. They are due to HPV and are transmitted through sexual intercourse. It is the most common sexually transmitted disease and affects both men and women equally. They are usually asymptomatic and can rarely cause itching or burning sensation. The areas that appear are penis, scrotum, groin area and perineum for men, while for women the vagina, vulva, cervix and groin and perineum. They rarely occur on the lips, throat, hands, and mouth.

Warts appear as small tumors that resemble moles, that is, papillomas in the area of ​​the penis, cervix, vagina, vulva, anus, rectum, etc. They can be internal or external. Their size varies and can range from the size of a pinhead to up to 12 cm in the case of giant warts. Initially, you may feel itching or burning sensation, and in the next step, you may even have bleeding from the skin lesions. Usually, no pain is observed. Warts can extend to the vagina, urethra, and inside the anus.

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sexually transmitted diseases

Syphilis
Syphilis is a Sexually Transmitted Disease due to a bacterium, Treponema pallidum. It manifests in both sexes with genital or mouth ulcer.

Gonococcal urethritis (gonorrhea)
Gonorrhea (or mucositis) is a relatively common disease that is easily transmitted by sexual intercourse (vaginal, oral, anal) between people of the same sex or the other.

Non-gonococcal Urethritis
In addition to gonococcus, there are many other germs that cause urethritis. Most of them are sexually transmitted.

Vaginitis
By this we mean the inflammation of the penis (head) of the penis and the foreskin that covers the balanum in men who have not been circumcised. It can sometimes be associated with urethritis.

Vaginitis
By this general term we refer to disorders of the female vagina caused by an infection, inflammation or changes in normal vaginal flora.

Molluscum contagiosum
Infectious Terminus is due to the Molluscum Contagiosum Virus, which is highly contagious.

HIV / AIDS
Infection with HIV results in a chronic infection that can last for many years with the use of modern medicine. We distinguish two types of virus (I and II), as well as several sub-types. They affect the immune system, and in particular lymphocytes, causing a progressive decline in immune function.

Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is due to HBV. It is highly contagious (about 100 times more than the AIDS virus, HIV).

Hepatitis C
This type of Hepatitis C virus is mainly transmitted by hematogenesis, ie by infected syringes, transfused infected blood, sterile surgical instruments etc. It is also possible to transmit through sexual intercourse as well as from mother to child during pregnancy.

Adolescence feverishness
Phthirus pubis is the cause of puberty in adolescents. These parasites live on the human hair of adolescence, but can also be found elsewhere in the body.

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