Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease with a variety of symptoms.
The most common symptoms of psoriasis are rough red plaques with a well-defined contour. These round or oval psoriasis plaques are covered by a thick white skin called a scaly. Both the size and the number of lesions vary. This extremely common skin disease can occur at any age. Psoriasis usually occurs on areas of the skin that are subject to friction, such as the knees, elbows, abdomen and lower back. It can also occur on the scalp, hands and feet, nails and mucous membranes.
We do not yet know the exact causes of psoriasis. However, we know that psoriasis can occur in people with a genetic predisposition to the disease when specific factors such as:
- psychological shock
- clothes rubbed on the skin
- specific drugs
- some infection (nasopharyngitis, pharyngitis…)
In essence, psoriasis is caused by chronic inflammation of the skin, which, confirmed by the presence of T-cells, accelerates the process of cell renewal and the production of keratinocytes, ie epidermal cells. Instead of the usual 28-day renewal process, keratinocytes need only 3-4 days to pass from the basal layer to the keratin layer of the skin.
The cells remain on the surface of the skin and begin to accumulate. This causes red scaly plaques or otherwise psoriasis. Although these psoriasis plaques may be sometimes indistinguishable, others are very prominent and therefore a disadvantage for people with psoriasis.
Psoriasis can be treated in the following ways:
With ointments, creams and various lotions that dermatologists recommend to stop inflammation. They also remove excess flakes and smooth the rough skin. Moisturizing creams are effective in relieving itching.
With phototherapy suggested and using UVA, UVB or laser rays to slow down the production of skin cells.
With pills used in very serious forms of psoriasis.
Finally, healing baths are also used to treat skin psoriasis. Thermal water has healing and anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce the number and size of lesions.