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Clinical Terminology

Mapping mammals

Mammals are mapped using modern imaging methods for timely and reliable diagnosis of skin lesions as well as hairs for hair diseases.

A Spiel, ie a skin lesion, is starting to grow or change shape: Anyone who has noticed this should seek immediate medical attention. Melanoma is a malignant tumor of the skin, and when diagnosed early, is curable in most cases.

There are several types of skin cancer, but the three most common are melanoma, basal cell and squamous cell epithelium. Melanoma is the most aggressive and threatening form of skin cancer because it can cause rapid metastases and is potentially fatal. However, it can be recognized in time by a dermatologist examination and treated. If the disease has not progressed, the chances of even having the patient’s health fully restored are very good.

When a doctor defines a lesion as suspicious, it is removed by surgery. This tissue is then carefully examined under a microscope with various staining techniques. We’re talking about a histological or histopathological examination that can identify and detect cancerous cells and determine exactly what kind of malignant cells they are.

Hair treatment

If a person realizes that he is losing a lot of hair for a long time, he should first look for the cause of a possible iron and ferritin deficiency or folic acid deficiency or some thyroid dysfunction.

To get the best possible assessment of the problem, the dermatologist will, after getting a complete history, ask for a blood test, and will also ask for the necessary tests, such as a blood test, including iron, ferritin, folic acid testing. , T3, T4, TSH, anti-thyroid antibodies.

Women usually have to undergo hormonal tests in addition. In addition, and as a follow-up to the treatment recommended by our dermatologist, we can do more specialized examinations. The capillary chart, which determines the percentage of the various hairs (anagenic, descending, telogenic and dystrophic), helps us mainly to monitor the progression of the disease after receiving treatment.

Nail treatment

Many systemic conditions also have nail manifestations. Changes in color, durability, thickness and generally the quality and appearance of the nails can be a manifestation of some dermatological or other conditions such as psoriasis, nail infection by fungi, normal lichen and others that cause brittleness.

The dermatologist is the right physician to diagnose an underlying cause – if any – and provide effective treatment with dietary supplements such as vitamins and trace elements, as well as topical moisturizing and hardening preparations that enhance the nail layer’s keratin and make it nicer.

dermatologos (2)Treatment of chronic diseases

Autoimmune skin diseases, such as lupus erythematosus, dermatomyositis, and scleroderma, are chronic diseases that often have skin conditions, such as rashes, photosensitivity, alopecia, nodules and nail lesions. In some patients, the skin is the only organ affected, while in others the skin is one of the many organs affected.

The dermatologist performs a complete clinical examination of the skin to detect early symptoms of an autoimmune condition. Biopsies or laboratory tests may be needed to diagnose and monitor these conditions.

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Skin cancer treatment

Skin cancer treatment

The two most common types of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The third most common form of skin cancer is melanoma, which starts from melanocytes. There are other rare forms of skin cancer, such as those that occur in sweat glands.

Ultraviolet (UV) exposure without protective measures – from the sun or other sources, such as exposure to solarium machines – remains the most important risk factor for skin cancer. Ultraviolet radiation is not visible and is not noticeable, but it can cause burns, premature skin aging, damage to the skin that grow over time and can lead to skin cancer.

While skin cancer usually occurs in older people, the damage begins at an early age due to exposure to ultraviolet radiation, especially from sunburn. New research shows that, while cells are often destroyed during childhood, exposure to the sun at adulthood can cause cells to mutate into cancers.

We all can develop skin cancer. The risk is increased if a person has multiple moles in their body, does not protect their skin from the sun, or stays in the sun for a long time (eg outdoors), has an individual or family history of melanoma, is exposed periodically but for a long time in the sun (eg during vacations or during leisure activities), especially if it results in sunburn, has light-colored freckles that are easily irritated or difficult to tan, have red or blond hair and blue or green eyes, it has wax blades or irregularly shaped moles, or weakened immune system.

People with dark or skinny skin are more protected from skin cancer because they produce more melanin than people with light skin.

The best way to prevent skin cancer is to protect it from the sun. You can do this by learning the UV indicator, which shows the intensity of solar radiation. When the UV index is 3 (moderate radiation) or above, the levels of solar radiation are so high that they can cause skin damage and sun protection is essential.

Stay away from the sun between 11am. and 3 pm during the summer when the sun is brightest, and between 10am and 6pm. and 2pm the rest of the time. During these times of day, more than 60% of the sun’s UV radiation reaches the surface of the earth.
Use the shade of trees, umbrellas, buildings or any kind of awning. Remember, ultraviolet radiation is reflected on surfaces such as concrete, water or sand, so you can burn, even when you think you are protected.

Wear clothing that covers as much of the body as possible and the back of the neck. Textiles with dense weave give better protection. Wear a hat that shades your face, neck and ears.
Use sunscreen with SPF 30+ which is both spectrum and water resistant, regardless of your skin type.
Apply with sunscreen 20 minutes before going out into the sun and repeat every two hours after swimming or any activity that causes you to sweat or remove the sunscreen.
Protect your eyes with sunglasses. The more they cover the eyes, the better.
Be sure to protect infants and young children from direct sunlight. Use shades, umbrellas, hats and clothing to protect them.
If necessary, use SPF30 + sunscreen on unprotected skin areas, such as the face and upper arms.

Do not use sunscreen mattresses and lamps that emit ultraviolet radiation that increases the risk of skin cancer. Part of sunlight is important to our health. When the skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation, vitamin D is produced, which is essential for the development and maintenance of strong and healthy bones. However, in order for your body to produce enough vitamin D to help you stay healthy, you do not need to be exposed to the sun for more than 10 minutes, most days of the week, except during times of high UV radiation.

Get to know your skin and check four times a year, examining your entire body together with your toes between your toes and fingernails.

Use a mirror to control areas such as the back or the back of your feet. The signs you are looking for are: a new spot that is different from the other spots on the skin around it, a wound that does not heal, a scar, a bite or a blotch has changed size, shape or color. In this case, contact your dermatologist immediately your.
Your doctor will first look for the suspicious sign, mucosa or blotch. If suspected skin cancer will probably recommend a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis. The biopsy is a quick and simple procedure. The doctor will give you local anesthesia and will remove the deterioration. Usually one or more stitches are made to heal the wound. The web that has been cut, should be sent to a laboratory, where the pathologist will examine him in microscope. The results of the biopsy will determine which treatment is appropriate for your case.
Often skin cancer is removed by biopsy and no additional treatment is required. If is large or has spread beyond the surface of the skin, it must be removed more tissue.

Invasive dermatology

Cryotherapy

Cryotherapy refers to an operation in which superficial skin lesions are cooled and destroyed. Most often, liquid nitrogen is used for this purpose. A variety of lesions can be treated with cryotherapy such as Radial hyperkeratosis, Warts, Seborrheic hyperkeratosis, Papillomas, Dyschromia, Hypertrophic scars. Cryotherapy as a safe and reliable method is the most appropriate way to get rid of various types of skin lesions. However, it is important that the skin lesion is properly diagnosed.

Removing lesions

When a doctor defines a lesion as suspicious, it is removed by surgery. This tissue is then carefully examined under a microscope with various staining techniques. We’re talking about a histological or histopathological examination that can identify and detect cancer cells and determine exactly what type of malignant cells they are.

Skin nodule biopsy

Benign skin tumors are papillomas, warts, hemangiomas, hyperkeratoses and lipomas.

The most common ones are the papules, which are skin-colored or brown patches that usually hang from thin stems known to all of us as “helices”. They occur around the neck, eyelids, armpits, the subfacial and microbial area and are caused by the HPV virus, the Human Papilova Virus.

They increase in number when the body is in stress (pregnancy or delivery or when there is a low immune system).

All benign skin “bumps” can be removed by cryotherapy, cauterization, laser or surgical if they are large in size and base. Removal is considered appropriate when friction or injury due to location (throat chains, etc.) promotes their proliferation and growth.

Laser for hemangiomas and spider veins

Facial vessels may be due to manufactured skin sensitivity, excessive sun exposure or even diseases such as rosacea. They may be asymptomatic or cause a burning sensation. Certainly, their presence is most often annoying and the worse we leave them the worse. The application of creams in these cases has little or no effect. The only solution is to use a special laser for lenses.

With the help of a pulsed laser, the dermatologist destroys the facial vessels without causing any damage to the surrounding skin. The healing of the facial vessels takes a few minutes.

TRAIANOY A (5)

Diathermy stroke

Diathermy shock is an invasive technique in which the needle is cauterized with various lesions on the surface of the skin. In diathermy shock, we use electricity which is transmitted through a pole directly to the skin lesion and destroys it.

Diathermy stroke can eliminate lesions such as small corneal hemangiomas, papillomas, hyperkeratosis, sebaceous hyperplasia and more. The treatment is a little invasive and only causes a slight feeling of instant burning on the skin. Therefore, the whole procedure can also be performed using local anesthetic cream, so it is extremely well-tolerated. Contraindications to the use of diathermy therapy are the presence of a pacemaker or defibrillator.

Laser hair removal

Unlike traditional hair removal methods, LASER can be adjusted according to the type of hair and skin and eliminate unwanted hair in any area of ​​the face and body, even in the most sensitive areas, such as the perinatal area.

As LASER targets the hair follicle, that is, the point of birth and growth, the hair grows weaker and gradually becomes fluffy. After the first treatments, the skin feels velvety. Anesthetic cream is applied to the treatment areas so that there is no discomfort during the session.

Cosmetic Dermatology

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Water Facial

It is a non-invasive practice of removing dead cells and entrapped sebum, which aims to regulate oiliness, improve texture immediately, and hydrate the area. The result is pure and radiant skin.

It is usually applied to the face but also potentially to other parts of the body, following specific indications (eg, phagematic acne with a spine or sternum localization).

Laser for scar  tissue

The use of sophisticated LASER aims to regenerate the area as it causes changes in the various layers of skin creating new healthy skin in the scar area, painless and bloodless.

Combined or individual – where appropriate – sophisticated LASER pigments have been shown to significantly enhance redness elimination and skin regeneration by smoothing the hypertrophic and dip areas.

Treating scars with hyper-pulsed LASER skin regeneration has a higher efficacy compared to chemical peeling. It is also controlled and requires a shorter recovery time.

Whitening and Shining Treatments

Photo-rejuvenation treatment is an innovative skin rejuvenation method utilizing Focused Spectrum (SWT) technology to remove dark spots of aging, discoloration, and redness and give uniform color to the skin. At the same time, it greatly improves the texture and quality of the skin, gives shine to the skin and makes it smooth and soft.

A treatment lasts less than 20 minutes and is painless. There is a lot of improvement from the first session, but it may take up to 3 sessions to get the full result.

Lip treatment

In young people, we usually intervene to emphasize their lips and outline and increase their volume to make them more attractive. In older people (middle and older), lip augmentation aims to replenish lost lip volume. The lips are reshaped, their volume restored, hydrated and their firmness restored, giving a youthful look to the face.

Hyaluronate is used to give volume to the upper or lower lip of the mouth, keeping the physical ratio, 1/3 the upper and 2/3 the lower lip. It can also be used in the contour of the upper lip to lift the upper lip edge up and at the same time help to improve the vertical wrinkles (smoker’s wrinkles) that appear in this area over time.

Facial treatments

The combination of Botulinum toxin and Hyaluronic acid gives an excellent and more complete aesthetic effect than the application of each treatment separately and longer duration.

The combined application of both Botulinum toxin and Hyaluronic acid is a painless and fast treatment and the person can return immediately to their daily activities. The duration of application depends on the number of areas to be treated. It usually does not exceed 30 minutes.

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Anti-ageing

Peelings using acid fruits (AHA’s), using TCA (trichloroacetic acid) and LHA (lipo hydroxy acids) are the most common peelings in dermatology in medical practice. These are superficial and/or medium depths aimed at removing part or all of the epidermis and promoting the production of new cells. They are well tolerated by almost all skin and improve acne (AHA’s), and discoloration (TCA’s). Sunshine is a contraindication for these treatments that are done mainly in winter.

Mesotherapy, a technique used many years abroad, is an important anti-aging weapon. This is a technique in which multiple nails with a special small needle provide the skin with vitamins, minerals, salts, antioxidants, hyaluronic acid. This creates the ideal environment for skin cells to regenerate. It takes 6-8 sessions every 7-10 days and can be quite repetitive. Sunshine is not a contraindication to this treatment.

Photoluminescence lasers aim deeper at the underlying dermis. They activate the fibroblasts to produce collagen thereby promoting tightening. They are ideally combined with surface treatments (mesotherapy or peelings).

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