The most common diseases that occur at these ages are the following:
Atopic Dermatitis / Eczema
Atopic dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin disease. It can occur at any age, but usually starts at the infant / infant age.
Seborrheic Head Dermatitis
Redness and greasy scales are often seen on the scalp of newborns. There may also be something similar in the ears, eyebrows, and face. Clinical examination will rule out other serious diseases that have a similar picture. It is not worrying and is easily treated with topical treatment.
Dermatitis of the diaper area
It is a common irritant dermatitis that occurs in the diaper area in newborns and infants due to prolonged skin contact with the urine and feces that accumulate in the diaper. The area is strongly red and is often contaminated by fungi. The clinical trial will exclude other more serious diseases with a similar picture (psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, Langerhans histiocytosis, etc.).
Children with Alopecia are presented with the sudden loss of a part of their scalp. This part is round or oval, completely smooth and usually has a size of a few centimeters. Nail changes often coexist. It is considered an autoimmune condition and it is also related to physical or mental stress. There is often a family history of autoimmune diseases. The course is not entirely predictable, but most of the time the problem subsides within a few months. The treatment is supportive and includes topical steroids and a solution of minoxidil.
A very common viral infection that occurs in both children and adults. They are caused by a type of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) virus, so they are highly contagious. They appear as small bumps, flat or filamentous lesions on the hands, face, soles, etc. They are transmitted by direct physical contact, but also by inanimate objects, especially in damp environments (in swimming pools, saunas, gyms, etc.).
Infectious Terminus is due to the Molluscum Contagiosum Virus, which is highly contagious.
There are various types of fungi that are found in our environment and are transmitted either from humans to humans or from pets to humans. They can affect the skin, nails and scalp causing corresponding clinical images. The correct genus and species of fungus need to be identified first for proper treatment. This is done by direct microscopy and culture. The treatment is with topical preparations (creams, ointments) or orally (syrups, pills etc.).
Infections from Staphylococcus / Streptococcus
Staphylococcal or streptococcal skin infections are common in infancy and childhood. They appear as blisters with or without blisters on which a yellowish crust develops. They affect the face, trunk, and extremities. They are very contagious and are most common in the summer. Clinical diagnosis may need to be confirmed by the culture of lesion material. Treatment is with topical (creams) or systemic (syrup) antibiotics.
Family Relatives (“OLIVES”)
There are several types of sleepers that appear either immediately at birth or in the first months of life. Clinical examination and dermatoscopy with a special Dermatoscope will give us more information about diagnosis and prognosis.